1941 – DEATH OF LOUIS BRANDEIS, US SUPREME COURT JUSTICE (1916-1939)
“The development of our financial oligarchy followed, in this respect, lines with which the history of political despotism has familiarized us: usurpation, proceeding by gradual encroachment rather than by violent acts; subtle and often long-concealed concentration of distinct functions, which are beneficent when separately administered, and dangerous only when combined in the same persons. It was by processes such as these that Cæsar Augustus became master of Rome. The makers of our own Constitution had in mind like dangers to our political liberty when they provided so carefully for the separation of governmental powers. . . .
“The goose that lays golden eggs has been considered a most valuable possession. But even more profitable is the privilege of taking the golden eggs laid by somebody else’s goose. The investment bankers and their associates now enjoy that privilege. They control the people through the people’s own money.”
1979 – HISTORIC ANTI-INFLATION MEASURES ANNOUNCED BY FED CHAIR PAUL VOLKER
The Fed made “a short-term change in the method used to conduct monetary policy, from making adjustments in the federal funds rate to …controlling the amount of reserves provided to the banking system.” Alan Greenspan, who would follow Volker as Fed chair, called the decision, “A defining moment may shape the direction of an institution for decades to come. In the modern history of the Federal Reserve, the action it took on October 6, 1979, stands out as such a milestone and arguably as a turning point in our nation’s economic history.” The Fed has since shifted back to focusing on federal funds rates (the rate banks charge each other). Volcker’s decision would he hoped rein in inflation. The goal today by the Fed (and most of the other private central banks) is to increase inflation to 2% via money printing. That was the purpose of the Fed’s multiple Quantitative Easing (QE) programs. https://www.minneapolisfed.org/publications/the-region/reflections-on-monetary-policy-25-years-after-october-1979
1849 – DEATH OF EDGAR ALLEN POE, US WRITER, POET AND CRITIC, AUTHOR OF “THE GOLD BUG”
“But what makes ‘The Gold Bug’ highly valuable (a literary work of art), rather than merely entertaining (a humbug) is the fact that encrypted within it is a very sophisticated set of meditations on the subject of money. Specifically, “The Gold Bug” concerns the transition from gold coins (here symbolized by the scaraboeus) to paper money (the piece of parchment). In America, which was the first country to make widespread use of paper money, these very controversial developments took place in the 1830s and ’40s, that is, precisely when Poe was alive and writing all the works for which he would become famous, if not extravagantly wealthy….And so, everything that might be said about the power of paper money can also be said about coined money: both of them produce disassociative, illogical and unnatural effects. What’s so special about gold? As King Midas learned so tragically, you can’t eat it. Provided that they are inscribed with the right words, images and symbols, even bullets can be used as legal tender. Though the advent of paper money made visible a certain crisis, that crisis didn’t begin or wasn’t caused by paper money; it began or was caused by the advent of money itself, thousands of years ago.” http://www.notbored.org/gold-bug.html
1946 – BIRTH OF DENNIS KUCINICH, FORMER CONGRESSMAN, OHIO
Author of the National Emergency Employment Defense [NEED] Act, introduced in 2010 and 2011. Among the bill’s provisions are: (a) make the Federal Reserve System more accountable by placing the Fed under the US Department of Treasury, (b) create government issued money to hire people to repair the nation’s physical and human infrastructure, and (c) eliminate fractional reserve lending – the practice that permits banks to lend many times more funds that they actually possess.
2008 – QUOTE BY ALAN GREENSPAN, CHAIRMAN OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE
Here’s what he said just after the Glass Steagall Act was repealed in 1999 (just before the market crashed), of the rapid growth of money center banks… “I believe the general growth in large [financial] institutions have occurred in the context of an underlying structure of markets in which many of the larger risks are dramatically — I should say, fully — hedged” -NYtimes.com, October 8, 2008
1899 – BIRTH OF HENRY SIMONS, PROFESSOR OF ECONOMICS, UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO
“The mistake lies in fearing money and trusting debt.”
2002 – LOW POINT OF THE DOT.COM CRASH
The explosive rise of the Internet resulted in the explosive rise of speculative financial investments in Internet corporations (the “dot.com” industry). A huge bubble ensued when the financial industry seeking quick and massive profits blindly invested in these dot-com start-ups without carefully reviewing their business plans. The euphoria turned to depression when many of these start-ups failed to make a profit. When they collapsed, the market collapsed. The full mania mode of the financial industry imploded The NASDAQ Composite lost 78% of its value as it fell from 5046.86 to 1114.11 on October 9, 2002.
1895 – DEATH OF SARAH E.V. EMERY, AUTHOR OF “SEVEN FINANCIAL CONSPIRACIES WHICH HAVE ENSLAVED THE AMERICAN PEOPLE”
Published in 1888, it was a devastating indictment of the “money power” addressed to the farmer and laborer. It reportedly sold 400,000 copies through the Farmers’ Alliance circles, significantly contributing to monetary literacy nationwide. Its impact was so threatening that former U.S. Secretary of Treasury John Sherman (of Ohio) responded to it via a letter in the Cincinnati Enquirer. Emery also lectured nationally on monetary issues and the People’s Party
2014 – “THE STRONGER DOLLAR = STEALTH QE” ARTICLE BY CHARLES HUGH SMITH PUBLISHED
“[I]n QE (quantitative easing), the Fed creates money out of thin air and pushes it into the financial system, with the hope that some of that inflow of cash will trickle down into the real economy.
A stronger dollar encourage foreign capital to flow into the U.S., as it makes more sense to shift money into appreciating dollars (that are gaining purchasing power) than leave it in currencies that are depreciating (losing purchasing power compared to the dollar).
This inflow of new money into U.S. bank accounts, bonds, stocks and real estate is more or less the equivalent of the Fed’s QE operations, minus the money-creation step.
So in terms of fresh money flowing into the U.S. financial sector, capital inflows driven by the stronger dollar are generating the same effect as the Fed’s QE.” http://www.oftwominds.com/blogoct14/USD-QE10-14.html
2013 – “SEQUESTERS, SHUTDOWNS AND DEFAULTS” BY STEPHEN ZARLENGA PUBLISHED
What citizens should know is that our country can pay off its debt as it comes due; can put millions of people back to work rebuilding our crumbling infrastructure; can provide debt-free federal support for cash-strapped State governments, and end the so called great recession by putting cash in the hands of all our citizens through a citizens dividend. This gives small businesses what they need most – customers with cash to spend on their goods and services. All these things are made possible by the HR 2990 bill introduced by Dennis Kucinich and co-sponsored by John Conyers.
The bill accomplishes this by adjusting our money system from one of “debt money created by banks” when they make loans, to one of “money by law” created as money, not as debt, by our government. That power is already vested in Congress by the Constitution; “The Congress shall have the Power To… coin Money, regulate the Value thereof…” (Article 1, Section 8).
Why this calendar? Many people have questions about the root causes of our economic problems. Some questions involve money, banks and debt. How is money created? Why do banks control its quantity? How has the money system been used to liberate (not often) and oppress (most often) us? And how can the money system be “democratized” to rebuild our economy and society, create jobs and reduce debt? Our goal is to inform, intrigue and inspire through bite size weekly postings listing important events and quotes from prominent individuals (both past and present) on money, banking and how the money system can help people and the planet. We hope the sharing of bits of buried history will illuminate monetary and banking issues and empower you with others to create real economic and political justice. This calendar is a project of the Northeast Ohio American Friends Service Committee. Adele Looney, Phyllis Titus, Donna Schall, Leah Davis, Alice Francini, Deb Jose and Greg Coleridge helped in its development. Please forward this to others and encourage them to subscribe. To subscribe/uns