1975 – DEATH OF GRAHAM TOWERS, GOVERNOR, BANK OF CANADA, 1934-54
“Each and every time a bank makes a loan, new bank credit is created – new deposits – brand new money.”
2013 – INTERVIEW OF RODNEY SHAKESPEARE, PROFESSOR OF ECONOMICS
Q: Do you share this optimism about Iceland’s financial recovery?
Rodney Shakespeare: “Iceland is quite right to make an upright challenge to the global financial system. Unless you say that you are going to throw it out the window, they will always succeed in creating money out of nothing, lending to you with administration cost and interest, lending it for anything except the real economy. Lending it for anything except the spreading of the real economy and putting you into debt. And the debt becomes repayable.
You must rely on your own national bank for your own uses, for your own real economy and for the spreading of it. And if you don’t do that, you’ll be trapped in debt in the same way that…. well, you’ve got Greece, you’ve got Iceland, you’ve got every country in the world trapped in increasing debt and all that happens is that they increase the levels of the debt and smash the populations down.”
1782 – BIRTH OF MARTIN VAN BUREN, 8TH PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES
“The MONEY POWER…when firmly established, was destined to become the only kind of an Aristocracy that could exist in our political system.” (Note: Van Buren always capitalized “MONEY POWER” when using the term.)
Van Buren was Vice President when President Jackson refused to support the re-chartering of the private, misnamed “Second Bank of the United States” – the nation’s central bank at the time (equivalent in some ways to the Federal Reserve Bank of today). The Bank had originally been chartered for 20 years in 1816. A corporate charter was considered then a democratic tool, a means for the public to define the actions of a corporation to ensure it remained subordinate to meeting public needs (something We the People have forgotten today). After the Bank charter was dissolved (which meant the Bank could no longer create money as debt), Jackson and Van Buren sought to replace the money system with coinage or bank notes convertible to gold/silver. But this was an insufficient amount of currency needed to supply the growing the US economy. Currency contracted. The nation experienced the worst depression up to that time beginning in 1837.
1921 – THOMAS EDISON QUOTE IN THE NEW YORK TIMES
“If our nation can issue a dollar bond, it can issue a dollar bill. The element that makes the bond good makes the bill good… If the Government issues bonds, the brokers will sell them. The bonds will be negotiable; they will be considered as gilt edged paper. Why? Because the government is behind them, but who is behind the Government? The people. Therefore it is the people who constitute the basis of Government credit. Why then cannot the people have the benefit of their own gilt-edged credit by receiving non-interest bearing currency… instead of the bankers receiving the benefit of the people’s credit in interest-bearing bonds?”
2010 – “CHINA FALLS INTO THE SAME TRAP” BLOG POST BY POSITIVE MONEY
“This won’t be a surprise for anyone familiar with the mechanisms of fractional reserve banking. As soon as we allow commercial banks to take control of the creation of money, all we have to look forward to is unaffordable housing, significant inflation, excessive debt, and shortly after, a wave of bank collapses, which are in turn followed by taxpayer-funded bailouts, austerity measures, and potentially an IMF bailout of the government. It seems that China is falling into the same trap that has caught the US, UK, Ireland, Spain and many other Western countries.” http://positivemoney.org/2010/12/china-falls-into-the-same-trap/
1931 – PRESIDENT HOOVER CALLS FOR BANKING REFORM IN MESSAGE TO CONGRESS
“Our people have a right to a banking system in which their deposits shall be safeguarded and the flow of credit less subject to storms.”
“Congress should investigate the need for separation between different kinds of banking, an enlargement of branch banking under proper restrictions, and the methods by which enlarged membership in the Federal Reserve System may be brought about.”
[Note: While Hoover was correct in pointing out that reforms were needed to the banking system to safeguard deposits and to separate different types of banking, he and FDR who followed him in the Oval Office failed to truly understand the root of the monetary problem – the authority of banks to create our money as debt and to issue such debt money multiple times in excess of their actual deposits (called “fractional reserve” lending). Yes, FDIC insurance to protect bank deposits and the Glass-Steagall Act to separate commercial and investment banks were fine banking reforms. Neither, however, were monetary reforms – changes to the basic structure of our monetary system that empowers economically and politically banking corporations in the creation and distribution of money.]
1768 – BIRTH OF JOSEPH DESHA, U.S. REPRESENTATIVE, KY
“This accumulation of foreign capital (in the First Bank of the U.S.) was one of the engines for overturning civil liberty and I have no doubt that King George was a principal stock holder.”
1946 – BIRTH OF SONIA GANDHI, PRESIDENT, HEAD OF CONGRESS PARTY, INDIA
“Let me take you back to Indira Gandhi’s bank nationalization of 40 years ago. Every passing day bears out the wisdom of that decision. Public sector financial institutions have given our economy the stability and resilience we are now witnessing in the face of the economic slowdown.”
1690 – PAPER MONEY ISSUED BY MASSACHUSETTS
Faced with a pressing need to fund military action against Canada during King William’s War, the Massachusetts colonial government authorized the issuing of £7,000 in public paper currency. This was the first public paper money issued in the history of Western civilization. The paper money possessed no intrinsic value. Its only value was that it was backed by the colony, accepted for tax payments. The notes could be redeemed for hard currency if such currency was available.
1762 – BIRTH OF DAMIEL DE LISLE BROCK, LEADING GUERNSEY ELECTED OFFICIAL
Since 1817 the island of Guernsey has used a money system based on government issued currency in response to public need. The amount of money issued is carefully controlled to prevent inflation. The island is prosperous. Taxation rates are low.
1896 – DEATH OF ALFRED NOBEL, INVENTOR AND BENEFACTOR OF THE NOBEL PRIZES
Annual international awards are bestowed on this day to honor great scientific and cultural advances in humanity in chemistry, literature, peace, physics and physiology or medicine, but not in economics. There has never been a Nobel Prize in economics. An annual Economic Science award is presented by Sweden’s Central Bank “in memory of Alfred Nobel” against the wishes of the Nobel family.
“The Economics Prize has nestled itself in and is awarded as if it were a Nobel Prize. But it’s a PR coup by economists to improve their reputation,” Nobel’s great, great nephew Peter Nobel stated in 2005. “It’s most often awarded to stock market speculators…There is nothing to indicate that [Alfred Nobel] would have wanted such a prize.”
Why this calendar? Many people have questions about the root causes of our economic problems. Some questions involve money, banks and debt. How is money created? Why do banks control its quantity? How has the money system been used to liberate (not often) and oppress (most often) us? And how can the money system be “democratized” to rebuild our economy and society, create jobs and reduce debt? Our goal is to inform, intrigue and inspire through bite size weekly postings listing important events and quotes from prominent individuals (both past and present) on money, banking and how the money system can help people and the planet. We hope the sharing of bits of buried history will illuminate monetary and banking issues and empower you with others to create real economic and political justice. This calendar is a project of the Northeast Ohio American Friends Service Committee. Adele Looney, Phyllis Titus, Donna Schall, Leah Davis, Alice Francini, Deb Jose and Greg Coleridge helped in its development. Please forward this to others and encourage them to subscribe. To subscribe/unsubscribe or to comment on any entry, email firstname.lastname@example.org
To see the calendar year-to-date, go to https://monetarycalendar.wordpress.com/