We the People are Sovereign over Corporations

DCDD

Seems like an appropriate time to share this tidbit in light of GM’s decision this week to close plants and layoff 14,000 workers…

“On January 10, 1997, President William Jefferson Clinton sent a letter to the mayor of Toledo, Ohio. The mayor had asked the president for help in getting the Chrysler Corporation to build a new Jeep factory within Toledo city limits to replace the ancient one which Chrysler Corporation was closing.

“The President of the United States, leader of the most powerful nation the world has ever known, elected head of a government always eager to celebrate the uniqueness of its democracy to the point of forcing it upon other nations, wrote:

‘As I am sure you know, my Administration cannot endorse any potential location for the new production site. My Intergovernmental Affairs staff will be happy to work with you once the Chrysler Board of Directors has made its decision.’

“Our president may not have a clue, but We the People did not grant away our sovereignty when we made Chrysler into a corporation.

“When we gave the Chrysler Corporation authority to manufacture automobiles, we made the people of Toledo not its subjects, nor Chrysler Corporation their supreme authority.

“How long shall We the People, the sovereign people, stand hat in hand outside corporate boardrooms waiting to be told our fate? How long until we instruct our representatives to do their constitutional duty?

“How long until we become responsible, until we become accountable, to our forebears, to ourselves, to our children, to other peoples and species, and to the Earth.”

From “Corporations, Accountability, and Responsibility,” by Richard Grossman in Defying Corporations, Defining Democracy: A Book of History & Strategy, Edited by Dean Ritz, Program on Corporations, Law & Democracy (POCLAD), p. 141-2.

GM to Close Lordstown Plant

Lordstown

Trump did literally nothing to save the plant. Others could have provided incentives. Remember it was the US government that bailed out GM with 50 billion taxpayer dollars, losing $10 billion.

The sad truth, however, is that in the end the real power to stay or go is not a public decision but a private/corporate one. GM holds all the cards — like all corporations do on economic decisions. Was a time when tax abatements were tied to retaining or increasing jobs, but those have largely lost the power they once had due to corporations being able to play one community/state/nation against another.

Attaining political democracy can only go so far without movement toward economic democracy. p.s. Of course, GM stock soared on the announcement.

REAL Democracy History Calendar: November 26 – December 2

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https://realdemocracyhistorycalendar.wordpress.com/2018/11/26/real-democracy-history-calendar-november-26-december-2/

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MONETARY HISTORY CALENDAR: November 25 – December 1

grnback

NOVEMBER 25

1874 – GREENBACK PARTY FOUNDED
The Greenback Party was founded on this day at a convention in Indianapolis. Many of its members were farmers hurt by the financial Panic of 1873 (also known as the “Crime of ‘73”). The party supported “Greenback” paper money (U.S. Notes) issued and spent into circulation by the Lincoln administration. They opposed all money systems backed by any precious metal, believing that those who owned gold or silver (banks and corporations) would possess the power to define the value of products and labor. Government control of the US money system would also ensure sufficient quantity of money was in circulation to help small businesses and farmers. Twenty independent congressmen, mostly Greenbackers, were elected in 1878.

2008 – QUANTITATIVE EASING (QE) PROGRAM ANNOUNCED BY THE FEDERAL RESERVE
The Fed announced that on December 1 it would create money and use it to purchase $500 billion in toxic mortgage backed securities from Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac and an additional $100 billion of debt from both entities. This phase of QE (called QE1) extended until March 2010. Two additional rounds, QE2 and QE3, followed it. A total of $4.4 trillion from the Fed was issued. It went disproportionately to financial corporations (Wall Street), not “Main Street” (for small businesses) or to “Side Streets” (to bail out homeowners facing foreclosures). QE money was also spent to purchase US Treasury bonds (debt) following the decline of purchases by other nations as a means to stimulate the economy. At its peak, $85 billion per month in Treasury debt and mortgage backed securities was purchased. Many within the financial industry have since admitted that QE contributed to the rising gap between rich and poor and the rise and size of too-big-to-fail banking corporations.

NOVEMBER 26

1865 – “ALICE IN WONDERLAND” BY LEWIS CARROLL PUBLISHED IN THE US
The establishment of a European Monetary Union in 1993 was a bold experiment. It created a single monetary system overlaying individual nation states with their own political systems. William Buiter, member of the Bank of England’s Monetary Policy Committee, said ‘It’s a bold step into the unknown. Not unlike Alice [in Wonderland]’s leap down the rabbit hole.”

NOVEMBER 27

2013 – RELEASE ON THE COMMUNITY CURRENCY KNOWLEDGE GATEWAY WEBSITE THE FIRST OF 10 PART “OPEN MONEY” SHORT VIDEO SERIES
The short videos feature Michael Linton, developer of the Local Exchange Trading System (LETS), a form of community currency. The videos describe multiple aspects of money. Each video is only 2-4 minutes in length. Part 1 is at http://community-currency.info/en/featured/open-money-part-1/. The entire series is at http://community-currency.info/en/videos/introduction-to-ccs/open-money-series-michael-linton/

NOVEMBER 28

2014 – “DEBATE OVER MONETARY SYSTEM GROWS” ARTICLE PUBLISHED ON DEUTSCHE WELLE (GERMANY’S INTERNATIONAL BROADCAST WEBSITE)
“Nearly all money is created by commercial banks in the act of lending. They also decide whom to lend it to, and for what purposes. Is this good for the economy? A growing movement is arguing for an alternative.” http://www.dw.com/en/debate-over-monetary-system-grows/a-18100679

NOVEMBER 29

1820 – DEATH OF WILLIAM RICHARDSON DAVIS, GOVERNOR OF N. CAROLINA AND DELEGATE TO THE 1787 US CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION
“So low and hopeless are the finances of the United States, that, the year before last Congress was obliged to borrow money even, to pay the interest of the principal which we had borrowed before. This wretched resource of turning interest into principal, is the most humiliating and disgraceful measure that a nation could take, and approximates with rapidity to absolute ruin: Yet it is the inevitable and certain consequence of such a system as the existing Confederation.”

NOVEMBER 30

1835 – BIRTH OF MARK TWAIN
“Beautiful credit! The foundation of modern society. Who shall say that this is not the golden age of mutual trust, of unlimited reliance upon human promises? That is a peculiar condition of society which enables a whole nation to instantly recognize point and meaning in the familiar newspaper anecdote, which puts into the mouth of the speculator in lands and mines this remark: — ‘I wasn’t worth a cent two years ago, and now I owe two million dollars.’ “
Classic Twain!

DECEMBER 1

1135 – DEATH OF KING HENRY I OF ENGLAND
About 1100, King Henry, short on gold money, created a unique form of government issued money – Tally Sticks. These sticks were just that – polished pieces or sticks of wood with notches of a certain size to indicated the value of the wood. They were declared by the King as money and issued for purchases. They were accepted by the King for payment of taxes. Tally Sticks was an accepted debt-free government-issued money system of England for over 700 years, including the period of the rise of the British Empire.

1896 – PRELIMINARY MEETING OF INDIANAPOLIS MONETARY CONVENTION
Organized by those connected to J.P. Morgan and John D. Rockefeller (the two most powerful bankers, if not businessmen, in the US at the time), a gathering was organized one month after William McKinley defeated William Jennings Bryan for President to address monetary issues. The economic power elite, which had back McKinley and his support for money backed by gold, realized a pure gold standard prevented the issuance of new money when needed to meet a growing economy. Rather than directly proposing a more “elastic” monetary system or the creation of a banker controlled central bank themselves, the bankers deliberately organized a gathering of businessmen, economists, and other academics, as well as bankers, in the nation’s heartland.
A preliminary meeting was held on December 1 with a larger gathering on January 12, 1897. The effort was to camouflage the interests of the major banking interests and convince the public and Congress of the existence of a grassroots movement for real monetary reform. The Indianapolis Monetary Convention urged President McKinley to continue the gold standard, and create a new system of “elastic” bank credit. To that end, the convention urged the president to appoint a new monetary commission to prepare legislation for a new revised monetary system.
A more in-depth report from what became the Indianapolis Monetary Commission was first published on December 1 of the following year in Sound Money magazine. This provided the political cover for the introduction in Congress of a bill to create what eventually became the US. Federal Reserve Act, creating the Federal Reserve System.

———————–

Why this calendar? Many people have questions about the root causes of our economic problems. Some questions involve money, banks and debt. How is money created? Why do banks control its quantity? How has the money system been used to liberate (not often) and oppress (most often) us? And how can the money system be “democratized” to rebuild our economy and society, create jobs and reduce debt? Our goal is to inform, intrigue and inspire through bite size weekly postings listing important events and quotes from prominent individuals (both past and present) on money, banking and how the money system can help people and the planet. We hope the sharing of bits of buried history will illuminate monetary and banking issues and empower you with others to create real economic and political justice. This calendar is the original project of the Northeast Ohio American Friends Service Committee. Adele Looney, Phyllis Titus, Donna Schall, Leah Davis, Alice Francini, Deb Jose and Greg Coleridge helped in its development. It is currently updated by Greg Coleridge. Please forward this to others and encourage them to subscribe. To subscribe/unsubscribe or to comment on any entry, email monetarycalendar@yahoo.com
To see the calendar year-to-date, go to https://monetarycalendar.wordpress.com/
A second historical calendar, the REAL Democracy History Calendar, in many ways complements this calendar. For information, go to https://realdemocracyhistorycalendar.wordpress.com/about/

REAL Democracy History Calendar: November 19 – 25

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https://realdemocracyhistorycalendar.wordpress.com/2018/11/19/real-democracy-history-calendar-november-19-25/

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MONETARY HISTORY CALENDAR: November 18 – 24

grnback

NOVEMBER 18

2014 – “HOW THE CURRENT PROCESS OF MONEY CREATION IS CAUSING A RISE IN POVERTY, INSTABILITY AND INEQUALITY” TALK BY BEN DYSON, FOUNDER OF POSITIVE MONEY (VIDEO)
Ben Dyson, founder of Positive Money presenting at Meaning Conference 2014 on 18th November in Brighton, UK. He got into the nitty gritty of how the current process for money creation is causing a rise in poverty, instability and inequality. And challenged the audience to imagine what a modern and sustainable system could look like.
http://positivemoney.org/2014/12/current-process-money-creation-causing-rise-poverty-instability-inequality-video/

NOVEMBER 19

1831 – BIRTH OF JAMES GARFIELD, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES
“Whosoever controls the volume of money in any country is absolute master of all industry and commerce, and when you realize that the entire system is very easily controlled, one way or another, by a few powerful men at the top, you will not have to be told how periods of inflation and depression originate.” (attributed quote)

2013 – JP MORGAN CHASE PAYS $9 BILLION TO U.S. JUSTICE DEPARTMENT TO SETTLE MASSIVE SECURITIES FRAUD CASE
The settlement was to avoid further investigation into what former JP Morgan Chase bank corporation employee and whistleblower Alayne Fleishman called “massive criminal securities fraud.” The Justice Department clearly didn’t want to pursue the investigation. US Justice Department Secretary Eric Holder said, “Federal prosecutors conducting these investigations must go the extra mile to coordinate closely with the regulators who oversee these institutions’ day-to-day operations.” Translation: You have to keep these institutions in business. They are too big to fail. In defending the lack of action against the bank’s top officials, Holder said: “Responsibility remains so diffuse, and top executives so insulated that any misconduct could again be considered more a symptom of the institution’s culture than a result of the willful actions of any single individual.”

NOVEMBER 20

1910 — DEATH OF LEO TOLSTOY, RUSSIAN WRITER AND SOCIAL REFORMER
“Money is a new form of slavery, and distinguishable from the old simply by the fact that it is impersonal, there is no human relation between master and slave. ”

2014 – UK PARLIAMENT DEBATES MONEY CREATION FOR FIRST TIME IN 170 YEARS
From a press release from the UL group, Positive Money
“Parliament places huge scrutiny on how taxpayers’ money is spent. But for the last 170 years, parliament has ignored the question of how money is created in the first place. This will change on Thursday 20th November when MPs will attend a debate on money creation and society.
Money creation affects almost every aspect of our lives and is directly connected to almost all public policy, including public and private debt levels, house prices, and rising inequality, but it’s very poorly understood. A recent poll found that 7 out of 10 MPs believed that only the government could create money, when in fact banks create 97% of money when they make loans, as recently confirmed by the Bank of England.
There is cross party support calling for a debate on money creation. The problems resulting from private money creation have not been debated in Parliament since 1844, when Sir Robert Peel brought in the Bank Charter Act, forbidding the private banks from printing paper money. In light of the financial crisis, we welcome this debate to discuss the foundations of the economy: the monetary system.”
[NOTE: Lack of basic understanding of money creation is no doubt as much a reality of U.S. Senators and Representatives as English MP’s. Needed is a similar debate in the U.S. Congress to increase their monetary literacy and raise the issue for public discussion.]

NOVEMBER 21

1933 – PRESIDENT FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT — FINANCIAL ELEMENTS OWN THE GOVERNMENT
“The real truth of the matter is, as you and I know, that a financial element in the larger centers has owned the Government ever since the days of Andrew Jackson — and I am not wholly excepting the Administration of W.W. (Woodrow Wilson). The country is going through a repetition of Jackson’s fight with the Bank of the United States — only on a far bigger and broader basis.” – Franklin Roosevelt, letter to Presidential advisor Col. Edward Mandell House

1939 – BIRTH OF MARGRIT KENNEDY, AUTHOR OF “OCCUPY MONEY”
“But we humans, not God, created our monetary system. And we are the ones who can change it. We must go beyond blaming the greedy bankers and investors whom we hold responsible for the ongoing financial disaster. Our own ignorance, comfort, and insecurity are part of the problem. To awaken from our slumber, we must expand our knowledge and shake off our fears.”

1944 – BIRTH OF DICK DURBIN, US SENATOR, ILLINOIS
“And the banks — hard to believe in a time when we’re facing a banking crisis that many of the banks created — are still the most powerful lobby on Capitol Hill. And they frankly own the place.”
Interview on WJJG 1530 AM’s “Mornings with Ray Hanania,” April 2009
[NOTE: The FIRE sector — Finance, Insurance, and Real Estate — is the #1 sector of political campaign investments (mistakenly called “contributions” or “donations”) to federal political candidates. They also employ hundreds of lobbyists who often write the laws and regulations on financial issues.]

NOVEMBER 22

1879 – BIRTH OF RALPH HAWTREY, FORMER SECRETARY OF TREASURY, ENGLAND.
“Banks lend by creating credit. They create the means of payment out of nothing.”

NOVEMBER 23

1910 – JEKYLL ISLAND MEETING TO PLAN FOR US PRIVATE CENTRAL BANK
Attending this secret meeting were US Senator Nelson Aldrich; A. Piatt Andrew, Assistant Secretary of the Treasury; Frank Vanderlip, president of the National City Bank of New York; Henry P. Davison, senior partner of J.P. Morgan Company; D. Norton, president of the Morgan-dominated First National Bank of New York; Benjamin Strong (a lieutenant of J.P. Morgan); and Paul Warburg, connected to the banking house of Kuhn, Loeb. The meeting would lead to the Aldrich bill, which eventually led to the Federal Reserve Act, passed in 1913.

2000 – WRITTEN ANSWER TO LORD BEAUMONT OF WHITLEY, HOUSE OF LORDS, BY JAMES ROBERTSON, CO-AUTHOR OF “MONETARY REFORM – MAKING IT HAPPEN”
“Many people, even in government and parliament, don’t know how new money is now created, and what the consequences are. Most people find it hard to believe, if they think about it at all, that almost all the money in circulation has been created by commercial banks at profit to themselves. In reply to questions, a government spokesman may say that the funds which banks lend to customers ‘must either be obtained from depositors or the sterling money market, both of which usually require the payment of interest’ – thus appearing to deny that banks are allowed to create new money and to profit from doing so.”

NOVEMBER 24

1911 – AMERICAN BANKERS’ ASSOCIATION ENDORSES SO-CALLED “MONETARY REFORM” PLAN
The ABA at their annual conference in New Orleans endorsed a “monetary reform” plan by U.S. Senator Nelson Aldrich. The plan was actually to deform the ability of citizens to create and distribute their/own own money (see above November 23, 1910 entry).

———————–

Why this calendar? Many people have questions about the root causes of our economic problems. Some questions involve money, banks and debt. How is money created? Why do banks control its quantity? How has the money system been used to liberate (not often) and oppress (most often) us? And how can the money system be “democratized” to rebuild our economy and society, create jobs and reduce debt? Our goal is to inform, intrigue and inspire through bite size weekly postings listing important events and quotes from prominent individuals (both past and present) on money, banking and how the money system can help people and the planet. We hope the sharing of bits of buried history will illuminate monetary and banking issues and empower you with others to create real economic and political justice. This calendar is the original project of the Northeast Ohio American Friends Service Committee. Adele Looney, Phyllis Titus, Donna Schall, Leah Davis, Alice Francini, Deb Jose and Greg Coleridge helped in its development. It is currently updated by Greg Coleridge. Please forward this to others and encourage them to subscribe. To subscribe/unsubscribe or to comment on any entry, email monetarycalendar@yahoo.com
To see the calendar year-to-date, go to https://monetarycalendar.wordpress.com/
A second historical calendar, the REAL Democracy History Calendar, in many ways complements this calendar. For information, go to https://realdemocracyhistorycalendar.wordpress.com/about/

 

REAL Democracy History Calendar: November 12 – 18

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https://realdemocracyhistorycalendar.wordpress.com/2018/11/11/real-democracy-history-calendar-november-12-18/

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MONETARY HISTORY CALENDAR: November 11 – 17

grnback

NOVEMBER 11

2013 – STATEMENT BY ANDREW HUSZAR, “CONFESSIONS OF A QUANTITATIVE EASER” IN THE WALL STREET JOURNAL
“I can only say: I’m sorry, America. As a former Federal Reserve official, I was responsible for executing the centerpiece program of the Fed’s first plunge into the bond-buying experiment known as quantitative easing. The central bank continues to spin QE as a tool for helping Main Street. But I’ve come to recognize the program for what it really is: the greatest backdoor Wall Street bailout of all time.”

NOVEMBER 12

1999 – ENACTMENT OF FINANCIAL SERVICES MODERNIZATION ACT (ALSO KNOWN AS GRAMM-LEACH-BLILEY ACT)
The act removed many barriers contained in the Glass-Steagall Act of 1933, including those that separated banking, securities and insurance corporations. The result was massive combination and consolidation within the financial sector – creating enormously powerful institutions. A leading Republican in Congress, Senator Phil Gramm, proposed the bill. President Bill Clinton, a Democrat, signed it.

NOVEMBER 13

1856 – BIRTH OF LOUIS BRANDEIS, US SUPREME COURT JUSTICE (1916-1939)
“The goose that lays golden eggs has been considered a most valuable possession. But even more profitable is the privilege of taking the golden eggs laid by somebody else’s goose. The investment bankers and their associates now enjoy that privilege. They control the people through the people’s own money.” Louis Brandeis, Other People’s Money and How the Bankers Use It (1913)

NOVEMBER 14

2008 – US GOVERNMENT BAILS OUT US BANKS
The U.S. Treasury Department purchases a total of $33.5 billion in preferred stock in 21 U.S. banks under the Capital Purchase Program.

NOVEMBER 15

1637 – WAMPUM ACCEPTED AS CURRENCY
On November 15, 1637 the Massachusetts General Court stated that wampum beads would pass at 6 to a penny and were to be legal as payment in sums fewer than 12 pence. http://www.coins.nd.edu/ColCoin/ColCoinIntros/Wampum.intro.html

2005 – QUOTE BY BEN BERNANKE
“With respect to their safety, derivatives, for the most part, are traded among very sophisticated financial institutions and individuals who have considerable incentive to understand them and to use them properly.”

2018 – WORLD PHILOSOPHY DAY [3rd Thursday in November every year]
“Are you not ashamed of heaping up the greatest amount of money and honour and reputation, and caring so little about wisdom and truth and the greatest improvement of the soul?” – Socrates (469-399 B.C.) Greek philosopher
“The trade of the petty usurer is hated with most reason:  it makes a profit from currency itself, instead of making it from the process which currency was meant to serve.  Their common characteristic is obviously their sordid avarice.” — Aristotle (384-322 BC) Greek philosopher

NOVEMBER 16

1914 – US FEDERAL RESERVE OPENS FOR BUSINESS
“Commercial banks create checkbook money whenever they grant a loan, simply by adding new deposit dollars in accounts on their books in exchange for a borrower’s IOU.” From I Bet You Thought, Federal Reserve Bank of New York

1914 – FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF BOSTON OPENS FOR BUSINESS
“When you or I write a check there must be sufficient funds in our account to cover the check, but when the Federal Reserve writes a check there is no bank deposit on which that check is drawn. When the Federal Reserve writes a check, it is creating money.”
Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, Putting It Simply (1984)

2006 – DEATH OF MILTON FRIEDMAN, US ECONOMIST
“The Federal Reserve definitely caused the Great Depression by contracting the amount of currency in circulation by one-third from 1929 to 1933.”

NOVEMBER 17

2008 – FEDERAL RESERVE BAILS OUT BANKS
The US Treasury gives out $33.6 billion to 21 banks in the second round of disbursements from the $700 billion bailout fund. This payout brings the total to $158.56 billion to date.

———————–

Why this calendar? Many people have questions about the root causes of our economic problems. Some questions involve money, banks and debt. How is money created? Why do banks control its quantity? How has the money system been used to liberate (not often) and oppress (most often) us? And how can the money system be “democratized” to rebuild our economy and society, create jobs and reduce debt? Our goal is to inform, intrigue and inspire through bite size weekly postings listing important events and quotes from prominent individuals (both past and present) on money, banking and how the money system can help people and the planet. We hope the sharing of bits of buried history will illuminate monetary and banking issues and empower you with others to create real economic and political justice. This calendar is the original project of the Northeast Ohio American Friends Service Committee. Adele Looney, Phyllis Titus, Donna Schall, Leah Davis, Alice Francini, Deb Jose and Greg Coleridge helped in its development. It is currently updated by Greg Coleridge. Please forward this to others and encourage them to subscribe. To subscribe/unsubscribe or to comment on any entry, email monetarycalendar@yahoo.com
To see the calendar year-to-date, go to https://monetarycalendar.wordpress.com/
A second historical calendar, the REAL Democracy History Calendar, in many ways complements this calendar. For information, go to https://realdemocracyhistorycalendar.wordpress.com/about/

REAL Democracy History Calendar: November 5 – 11

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https://realdemocracyhistorycalendar.wordpress.com/2018/11/05/real-democracy-history-calendar-november-5-11/

Subscribe to the REAL Democracy History Calendar, https://realdemocracyhistorycalendar.wordpress.com/about/

#TheDemocracyCalendar #EndCorporateRule #CorporateRule #GetMoneyOut #Democracy #WeThePeopleAmendment #MovetoAmend

MONETARY HISTORY CALENDAR: November 4 – 10

Greenbackk

NOVEMBER 4

1650 – BIRTH OF WILLIAM III, KING OF ENGLAND, SCOTLAND AND IRELAND (1689-1702)
A weakened monarchy due, in part, to the economic aftereffects of war, William III agreed to give up his sovereign money power to a new corporation, the Bank of England, which was chartered in 1694. Wars have resulted throughout history in debt and dependency on lenders, which in modern times are banking corporations.

NOVEMBER 5

1818 – BIRTH OF BENJAMIN BUTLER, UNION ARMY CIVIL WAR GENERAL AND MEMBER OF THE U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVE
“I stand here, therefore, for inconvertible paper money, the greenback, which has fought our battles and saved our country, which has been held by us as a just equivalent for the blood of our soldiers, the lives of our sons, the widowhood of our daughters, and the orphanage of their children. I stand here for a currency by which the business transactions of forty million people are safely and successfully done, which, founded on the faith, the wealth, and property of the nation, is at once the exemplar and engine of its industries and power—that money which saved the country in war and has given it prosperity and happiness in peace. To it four million men owe their emancipation from slavery; to it labor is indebted for elevation from that thrall of degradation in which it has been enveloped for ages. I stand for that money, therefore, which is by far the better agent and instrument of exchanged of an enlightened and free people than gold and silver the money alike of the barbarian and the despot.” [Speech on House floor, January 12, 1869 on national currency]

2016 – ”TO DEAL WITH CLIMATE CHANGE WE NEED A NEW FINANCIAL SYSTEM,” BY JASON HICKEL IN GUARDIAN
“When it comes to global warming, we know that the real problem is not just fossil fuels – it is the logic of endless growth that is built into our economic system…
“But there’s an even more exciting solution we might consider. We could abolish debt-based currency altogether and invent a new money system completely free of intrinsic debt. Instead of letting commercial banks create money by lending it into existence, we could have the state create the money and then spend it into existence. New money would get pumped into the real economy instead of just going straight into financial speculation where it inflates huge asset bubbles that only benefit the mega-rich…
“What they didn’t notice is that abolishing debt-based currency also holds the secret to getting our system off its addiction to growth, and therefore to arresting climate change. As it turns out, reinventing our money system is crucial to our survival in the Anthropocene – at least as important as getting off fossil fuels.”
https://www.theguardian.com/global-development-professionals-network/2016/nov/05/how-a-new-money-system-could-help-stop-climate-change

NOVEMBER 6

1841 – BIRTH OF NELSON ALDRICH, US SENATOR (R.I.), LEADER OF REPUBLICAN PARTY IN THE SENATE
Aldrich was the major Senate proponent of the Federal Reserve Act. He railroaded the bill through both houses of Congress in the fall and winter of 1913. Alfred Crozier, an Ohio attorney and author of the book US Money vs Corporation Currency, testified before Congress against the Aldrich bill. He said, “The… bill grants just what Wall Street and the big banks for 25 years have been striving for, namely, private instead of public control of currency. [The bill] robs the Government and the people of all effective control over the public money supply and vest in the banks exclusively the dangerous power to make money among the people scarce or plenty.”

2018 – ELECTION DAY IN THE UNITED STATES
It may be impossible to believe in our corporate-dominated elections — where corporations and the wealthy few decide which candidates are “electable,” what issues are discussed and what constitutes “news” — that there were a few federal elections in our nation’s history where the nature of money and/or democratic control over the issuing and circulation of our nation’s money were among THE, major issues in the campaign [i.e. 1832 election of Andrew Jackson and 1896 election of William McKinley over William Jennings Bryan].

NOVEMBER 7

1775 – QUAKERS OF PHILADELPHIA REFUSE TO ACCEPT “CONTINENTALS”
The Continental Congress issued their own money, “continentals,” to facilitate economic transactions during the time of the American Revolution. The money was used in large part to pay for the war, since British and Spanish money was in short supply. Continentals helped the colonists win the war. As pacifists, however, Quakers of Philadelphia argued beginning on this day they couldn’t touch money created to fight a war.

1846 – AMENDMENT TO ARKANSAS CONSTITUTION ADOPTED
Among the first acts of the new state was chartering two private banking corporations. A depression, lasting from approximately 1834 to 1844, was in progress at the time, including the famous panic of 1837, causing inflation, speculation and “wildcat banking.” As a result of these failures, the first amendment to the Constitution of Arkansas of 1836, ratified by the state legislature on November 17, 1846 read: “No bank or banking institution shall be hereafter incorporated or established in this State,” which lasted until after the Civil War.

1931 – PUBLISHED LETTER TO THE EDITOR OF ALBERT EINSTEIN IN BERLINER TAGEBLATT
“The gold standard has, in my opinion, the serious disadvantage that a shortage in the supply of gold automatically leads to a contraction of credit and also of the amount of currency in circulation… The natural remedies to our troubles are, in my opinion…Control of the amount of money in circulation and of the volume of credit in such a way as to keep the price level steady, abolishing any monetary standard.”

2000 – DEATH OF ROBERT DE FREMERY, AUTHOR, RIGHTS VS PRIVILEGES
“There are some people who look with distrust upon ‘printing press’ or ‘fiat’ money. But they overlook one of the basic facts about money. It is true that we need a ‘hard’ money. But we should not make the mistake of associated ‘hardness’ with convertibility into gold. The essence of hard money is not determined by he material of which it is composed — or the material into which it is convertible. The essence of a hard money is that its supply is fairly stable and there are precise limits to it…a purely paper of ‘fiat’ money can be a hard money is we set precise limits to its supply, or it can be a soft money is we set no precise limits to its supply.”

NOVEMBER 8

2013 – “THE CRISIS AS A CLASSIC FINANCIAL PANIC,” TALK BY BEN BERNANKE, CHAIR OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE
“The recent crisis echoed many aspects of the 1907 panic. Like most crises, the recent episode had an identifiable trigger–in this case, the growing realization by market participants that subprime mortgages and certain other credits were seriously deficient in their underwriting and disclosures. ” [No, Ben. The crisis was due to banking corporations being handed the authority to create the vast majority of money in our economy…and deciding where it should go. Too much of it went was into risky speculation – many times the amount they had in reserves to cover defaults. Add to this the reality that if those speculations went bust, banks would be bailed out by U.S. taxpayers – which added to their risk taking.

NOVEMBER 9

1910 – BIRTH OF CARROLL QUIGLEY, AMERICAN HISTORIAN AND THEORIST OF THE EVOLUTION OF CIVILIZATIONS
“The powers of financial capitalism had another far reaching aim, nothing less than to create a world system of financial control in private hands able to dominate the political system of each country and the economy of the world as a whole. This system was to be controlled in a feudalist fashion by the central banks of the world acting in concert, by secret agreements, arrived at in frequent private meetings and conferences. The apex of the system was the Bank for International Settlements in Basel, Switzerland, a private bank owned and controlled by the worlds’ central banks which were themselves private corporations. The growth of financial capitalism made possible a centralization of world economic control and use of this power for the direct benefit of financiers and the indirect injury of all other economic groups.”
Tragedy and Hope: A History of The World in Our Time (Macmillan Company, 1966) Professor Carroll Quigley of Georgetown University, highly esteemed by his former student, former US President, Bill Clinton

2011- FEDERAL RESERVE AWARENESS DAY
Sponsored by the US Occupy movement, teach-ins and forums took place in several locations across the country to expose the true nature of the largely private misnamed Federal Reserve System. Federal Reserve Awareness Days are still needed since the myths, lore, untruths and lack of understanding of the origin, purposes, consequences and alternatives to the Federal Reserve.

NOVEMBER 10

1483 – BIRTH OF MARTIN LUTHER, MONK, PRIEST, KEY FIGURE IN PROTESTANT REFORMATION
He condemned anyone who charged usury (interest): “A thief, robber and murderer. Money is an unfruitful commodity which I cannot sell in such a way as to entitle me to a profit.”

1796 – BIRTH OF WILLIAM GOUGE, EDITOR AND WRITER
Gouge edited the ” Philadelphia Gazette” and other journals, and for thirty years contributed articles on banking to various periodicals. He was for thirty years connected with the treasury department at Washington. He published “History of the American Banking System” (1835); ” Expediency of Dispensing with Bank Paper” (1837); and a “Fiscal History of Texas” (1852)
“As it is public credit that supports the Banks, and not the Banks that support public credit, as the deposits of the Banks are the property of the community generally and the profits derived from circulation come from the community generally they ought to go to the community generally and be used to lighten the burden of taxation.”
“The banking system is the principal cause of social evil in the United States.”

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Why this calendar? Many people have questions about the root causes of our economic problems. Some questions involve money, banks and debt. How is money created? Why do banks control its quantity? How has the money system been used to liberate (not often) and oppress (most often) us? And how can the money system be “democratized” to rebuild our economy and society, create jobs and reduce debt? Our goal is to inform, intrigue and inspire through bite size weekly postings listing important events and quotes from prominent individuals (both past and present) on money, banking and how the money system can help people and the planet. We hope the sharing of bits of buried history will illuminate monetary and banking issues and empower you with others to create real economic and political justice. This calendar is the original project of the Northeast Ohio American Friends Service Committee. Adele Looney, Phyllis Titus, Donna Schall, Leah Davis, Alice Francini, Deb Jose and Greg Coleridge helped in its development. It is currently updated by Greg Coleridge. Please forward this to others and encourage them to subscribe. To subscribe/unsubscribe or to comment on any entry, email monetarycalendar@yahoo.com
To see the calendar year-to-date, go to https://monetarycalendar.wordpress.com/
A second historical calendar, the REAL Democracy History Calendar, in many ways complements this calendar. For information, go to https://realdemocracyhistorycalendar.wordpress.com/about/